New Study Identifies Key Predictors of Post-COVID Fatigue and Cognitive Trajectories

 

New Study Identifies Key Predictors of Post-COVID Fatigue and Cognitive Trajectories

 

Our latest research, published in the Lancet’s eClinicalMedicine, offers new insights into the long-term trajectories of post-COVID fatigue and cognitive deficits. The study marks a significant step forward in understanding the recovery process from these long-lasting symptoms.

Utilizing data from the COVIDOM / NAPKON-POP cohort in Germany, our team tracked the health outcomes of 3,038 individuals from 6 to over 18 months post-COVID infection. Initial assessments showed that 21% of participants suffered from clinically relevant fatigue and 23% experienced cognitive deficits. Encouragingly, our follow-up revealed considerable improvements, with about half of the patients recovering over time.

Our findings also pinpoint several key predictors for the likelihood of recovery. For fatigue, a higher burden of depressive symptoms and headaches at baseline were linked to reduced recovery chances. Regarding cognitive deficits, general sociodemographic factors (being male, of older age, and having less than 12 years of education), but no COVID-specific factors emerged as significant predictors of non-recovery.

This research not only provides important data for public health care planning, but also lays the groundwork for targeted treatment and prevention.

You can read the paper here [PDF]

New Study Identifies Key Predictors of Post-COVID Fatigue and Cognitive Trajectories2024-02-20T10:47:48+01:00

New paper on longitudinal fingerprinting in Multiple Sclerosis

In our cohort study, we explored the stability of connectome-based identification in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy individuals over extended follow-up periods, up to 4 and 9 years, respectively. Functional connectome fingerprinting, a method for identifying individuals based on their functional connectome, was employed.

Resting-state fMRI data from 70 MS patients and 273 healthy individuals were analyzed. The study revealed that MS patients exhibited connectome stability and identification accuracies comparable to those of healthy individuals. Longer time intervals between imaging sessions correlated with a drop in identification accuracies from 89% to 76%. Interestingly, factors such as lesion load, brain atrophy, or cognitive impairment did not significantly impact identification accuracies within the studied range of disease severity.

Distinctive connections from the fronto-parietal and default mode network consistently played a crucial role in individual identification. Importantly, the functional connectivity patterns also enabled the prediction of individual cognitive performances.

In conclusion, our findings demonstrate the stability of discriminatory signatures in the functional connectome over extended periods in MS patients. This stability results in similar identification accuracies and enduring functional connectome fingerprinting signatures, both in patients and healthy individuals.

You can read the paper here [pdf]

New paper on longitudinal fingerprinting in Multiple Sclerosis2024-01-25T15:57:39+01:00

New Paper on NMDARE in mouse models in Lancet Neurology

In our study published in Lancet Neurology, we delved into the pathophysiology of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis by utilizing patient-derived monoclonal antibodies against the NR1 subunit of the NMDAR in experimental murine models.

Two groups of mice were involved in our investigation: adults injected with human NR1 antibodies and a new model with in utero exposure to these antibodies. Both groups exhibited impaired functional connectivity within the hippocampus, akin to patterns observed in human NMDAR encephalitis patients.

This research establishes a crucial link between human and murine systems, facilitating translational studies to uncover the biological mechanisms of NMDAR encephalitis. The method’s application, alongside imaging and histopathological analyses, holds potential for non-invasive monitoring of disease activity and treatment responses in autoimmune encephalitis. Our work contributes to a better understanding of the condition and may guide future therapeutic approaches.

Read the paper here [pdf]

 

Source: Kuchling J, Jurek B, Kents M, Kreye J, Geis C, Wickel J, Mueller S, Koch SP, Boehm-Sturm P, Prüss H, Finke C. Impaired functional connectivity of the hippocampus in translational murine models of NMDA-receptor antibody associated neuropsychiatric pathology. Mol Psychiatry. 2023 Oct 24.

New Paper on NMDARE in mouse models in Lancet Neurology2024-01-25T15:51:55+01:00

New paper on spatial navigation assessment using VIENNA out in Behaviour Research Methods!

 

In our article published in Behavior Research Methods, we describe the virtual environments navigation assessment (VIENNA), a brief, intuitive, and easy-to apply paradigm, which is specifically designed to evaluate spatial navigation in older adults and clinical populations.

Importantly, VIENNA does not require participants to use an interface device and does not include an episodic memory task. VIENNA was developed using the open source software package PsychoPy and is freely available for researchers and clinicians at www.osf.io/kp4c5.

In our study with 79 healthy participants aged 50 to 85 years, we assessed VIENNA performance and compared it to neuropsychological tests of different domains and self-report measures. We demonstrate the construct validity of VIENNA with a focus on visuospatial and executive functions, its feasibility and favorable psychometric properties, and its sensitivity to age and subjective sense of direction.

For more information, check it out here.

New paper on spatial navigation assessment using VIENNA out in Behaviour Research Methods!2023-06-13T08:56:44+02:00

We’re hiring! Postdoctoral position in the „PAN-Assistant” project: navigation training in post-acute neurorehabilitation

Aufgaben:

  • Mitentwicklung des Taskdesigns für das Assistenzsystem
  • Konzeptuelle Mitarbeit am Interaktionsdesign für Mixed-Reality
  • Durchführung von iterativen Usability Untersuchungen mit gesunden Kontrollen und Patient:innen mit schweren kognitiven Einschränkungen
  • Projektadministration, Kommunikation und Zusammenarbeit mit den Studienzentren, Datenanalyse, Publikation der Daten

Erforderlich sind:

  • Abgeschlossenes Studium der Psychologie, Medizin, Kognitiven Neurowissenschaften oder in einem vergleichbaren Fach
  • PhD/Dissertation mit sehr gutem Abschluss im Bereich Neuropsychologie/ kognitive Neurowissenschaften
  • Erfahrungen in der Durchführung wissenschaftlicher Projekte
  • Erfahrungen im Umgang mit neurologischen Patient:innen mit kognitiven Einschränkungen
  • Erfahrungen mit neuropsychologischer Diagnostik und qualitativen Analysen
  • Erfahrungen in der Publikation von Forschungsergebnissen

Wünschenswert sind:

  • Erfahrungen in der Datenanalyse und -darstellung inkl. sehr gute statistischer Kenntnisse
  • Erfahrungen in der Entwicklung/ Erforschung von neuen Technologien für den klinischen/ wissenschaftlichen Einsatz (VR/ AR/ Wearables)
  • Erfahrungen im Forschungsbereich räumliche Kognition/ Navigation

 

We’re hiring! Postdoctoral position in the „PAN-Assistant” project: navigation training in post-acute neurorehabilitation2023-05-12T16:14:25+02:00

New review on sport-related concussion out now in Neurology Clinical Practice!

Our review highlights the increasing incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) and its potential impact on long-term cognitive functioning:

New review on sport-related concussion out now in Neurology Clinical Practice!2023-03-15T11:07:00+01:00

New paper out in Science Advances!

In this study, we uncover a spatiotemporal complexity architecture of spontaneous brain activity – a human “complexome” that is tightly linked to the brain’s organization as a large-scale network.

The key observation is that the brain operates in distinct states of complexity. Specifically, we found that brain activity is highly irregular most of the time, which is reflected by a higher degree of complexity. However, this “default state” is repeatedly interrupted by spontaneous episodes of low complexity (“complexity drops”), in which brain activity becomes much more regular for a short moment in time.

These dynamics offer an explanation for why brain areas interact in functional networks and how activity patterns spread across the brain over time. Furthermore, the approach explains how brain networks change on the scale of seconds to minutes and creates a link between functional and anatomical properties of brain regions. Moreover, our work also shows that neural complexity is linked to age as well as cognitive and motor performance.

For more, feel free to reach out to Stephan and check out the paper here:

https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.abq3851

 

Charité press release:

https://www.charite.de/forschung/neues_aus_der_forschung/2023/neue_erkenntnisse_zu_hirnnetzwerken/

 

Twitter thread:

https://twitter.com/krohn_stephan/status/1621527031627517952

 

New paper out in Science Advances!2023-02-23T11:48:50+01:00

Baby brains! New preprint on the formation of brain shape in human newborns!

The human brain undergoes a phase of critical structural developments around birth. In our new study, we show that this perinatal development comes with a rapid formation of brain shape, beyond the expected growth in brain size.

Specifically, brain shape allowed us to predict the age of the infants from structural MRI data with a mean error of only ~4 days, systematically outperforming age prediction from brain size. Moreover, brain shape detected persistent signatures of premature birth that were not detected by brain size. Furthermore, we found that the brains of genetically related infants are more similar in shape than they are in size. Additionally, this shape similarity allowed us to predict which newborns are twin siblings with up to 97% accuracy, again outperforming twin predictions from brain size.

For more on this, get in touch with Stephan and check out the preprint here:

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2023.01.01.521756v1

Twitter thread:

https://twitter.com/krohn_stephan/status/1610346665885433857

Baby brains! New preprint on the formation of brain shape in human newborns!2023-02-23T11:46:28+01:00

Dr. Frederik Bartels gets Curt Meyer Memorial Award!

Why do patients with tumor diseases suffer from cognitive deficits? This question is addressed in the work of Dr. Frederik Bartels, who has received this prestigious award for young cancer researchers in Berlin.

For more details, check out the links below to learn more about this award and Dr. Bartels’ recent work:

https://www.berliner-krebsgesellschaft.de/aktuelles/aktuelles-detail/curt-meyer-gedaechtnispreis-der-berliner-krebsgesellschaft-ev-fuer-neurologe-dr-frederik-bartels/

https://www.charite.de/forschung/themen_forschung/2022/dr_frederik_bartels_mit_curt_meyer_gedaechtnispreis_2022_ausgezeichnet/

https://www.bihealth.org/de/aktuell/curt-meyer-gedaechtnispreis-der-berliner-krebsgesellschaft-ev-fuer-den-neurologen-dr-frederik-bartels

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/fullarticle/2781389

Dr. Frederik Bartels gets Curt Meyer Memorial Award!2022-11-23T13:53:31+01:00

We’re hiring! Werkvertrag, Webdeveloper (m/w/d)

Ausschreibung Werkvertrag, Webdeveloper (m/w/d)

We’re hiring! Werkvertrag, Webdeveloper (m/w/d)2022-09-22T17:19:05+02:00